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Pathogenicity of fungi colonising the soil after the cultivation of cover crops towards the seedlings of salsify Tragopogon porrifolius var. sativus (Gaterau) Br.

Elżbieta Patkowska*, Mirosław Konopiński**

**Department of Plant Pathology
**University of Life Sciences in Lublin
**Leszczyńskiego 7, 20-069 Lublin, Poland
**e-mail: elzbieta.patkowska@ar.lublin.pl
**Department of Soil Cultivation and Fertilization of Horticultural Plants
**University of Life Sciences in Lublin
**Leszczyńskiego 58, 20-068 Lublin, Poland
**e-mail: miroslaw.konopinski@ar.lublin.pl

The purpose of the present study was to conduct pathogenicity tests for salsify seedlings in a soil environment colonised by selected fungi species, after the cultivation of cover crops such as oats, common vetch and tancy phacelia. A growth chamber experiment used the seeds of ‘Mamut’ salsify and soil overgrown with Altenaria alternata, Fusarium culmorum, F. oxysporum, Pythium irregulare, Rhizoctonia solani and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. The pathogenicity of these microorganisms towards salsify seedlings was established on the basis of the grown plants, their health and a disease index calculated on the basis of a fivedegree scale. The examined isolates considerably weakened the emergence and health of salsify. Based on pathogenicity tests, such species as R. solani, S. sclerotiorum and P. irregulare were considered as the major cause of seedling necrosis and root rot of the plants of the Tragopogon porrifolius var. sativus. Among the studied soil-borne plant pathogens, the most pathogenic ones towards salsify seedlings proved to be the isolates of R. solani, S. sclerotiorum and P. irregulare, whereas the least harmful included A. alternata and F. culmorum.

Patkowska E., Konopiński M., 2008. Pathogenicity of fungi colonising the soil after the cultivation of cover crops towards the seedlings of salsify Tragopogon porrifolius var. sativus (Gaterau) Br. Folia Horticulturae 20/2: 74-84.