Effect of substrate on vegetative quality of strawberry plants (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) produced by a soilless method
Marcin Bartczak, Magdalena Pietrowska, Mikołaj Knaflewski
Department of Vegetable Crops
August Cieszkowski Agricultural University in Poznań
D±browskiego 159, 60-594 Poznań, Poland
The effect of substrate on the quality of strawberry plants
produced by soilless method was determined in a vegetation
chamber. ‘Elsanta’ and ‘Honeoye’ cultivars were rooted in a
substrate mixture of peat with pine bark (1:1 v/v), in coconut
fibre, in a mixture of brown coal with disintegrated rockwool (2:1
v/v) and in rockwool blocks.
Rockwool was found to be the most useful substrate for the
production of strawberry plants. Plants obtained in this substrate
had the greatest crown diameters and the highest number of leaves.
Statistical analysis showed that substrate also had a significant
effect on fresh weight of the whole plant and on dry matter
content of the root system. The average diameter of the crown
ranged between 10.0 and 18.0 mm. Plants grown in rockwool showed
the greatest average number of leaves (11.87 pcs). Plants grown in
coconut fibre and in the mixture of brown coal with disintegrated
rockwool had the least number of leaves (10.5 pcs). Fresh weight
of the whole plants and dry matter content of root systems were
the highest when strawberry plants were rooted in rockwool.
Bartczak M., Pietrowska M., Knaflewski M., 2007. Effect of substrate on
vegetative quality of strawberry plants (Fragaria × ananassa
Duch.) produced by a soilless method. Folia Horticulturae 19/2: 39-46.