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Review of plant species cited in the Bible

Zofia Włodarczyk

Department of Ornamental Plants
Faculty of Horticulture, Agricultural University in Kraków
29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Kraków, Poland
e-mail: zwlodarczyk@poczta.fm

The study compares the opinions of biblical flora researchers published in recent decades, in order to present a verified and updated list of plants referred to in the Bible. The work was based on the available references and the author’s own research of the flora of Israel, conducted during three summer research field camps. The present level of knowledge on the subject yields a compiled list of 206 species of biblical plants, of which 95 are recognised by all contemporary researchers of the flora of the Bible. This study may be classified as an inter-disciplinary approach designed to enable the correct interpretation of botanical and horticultural terms in the course of translating the Bible, and facilitate a better understanding of the context of the Holy Scripture. The updated list of plant species referred to in the Holy Scripture is also helpful when designing and developing biblical gardens.

Włodarczyk Z., 2007. Review of plant species cited in the Bible. Folia Horticulturae 19/1: 67-85.