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Diseases of pepper in Serbia and results of breeding for resistance

Mirjana Mijatovic*, Bogoljub Zecevic*, Miroslav Ivanovic*, Aleksa Obradovic**

**Centre for Vegetable Crops
**71 Karadjordjeva St., 11420 Smederevska Palanka, Serbia and Montenegro
**Pesticides and Environment Research Centre
**31b Banatska St., 11080 Zemun, Serbia and Montenegro
**e-mail: mmijatovic@cvcsp.co.yu

Pepper is one of the major vegetable crops grown in Serbia. According to the total area planted with pepper for fresh market, Serbia is among leading countries in Europe. However, pepper diseases, causing significant yield losses, are one of the limiting factors of successful production. A pepper breeding program in Serbia resulted in several breeding lines tolerant to Verticillium albo-atrum, where the most promising is line L-25. By breeding pepper for resistance to Tobacco mosaic virus TMV, strain P0, genotypes carrying genes of resistance L1L1, registered as commercial cultivars were selected. Pepper genotypes carrying L2L2 genes for resistance to TMV isolates were selected as well. By crossing breeding lines selected for tolerance to Cucumber mosaic virus CMV and lines with incorporated genetic sterility (gene ms3) hybrids of pepper tolerant to this virus were created. Breeding pepper for resistance to complex infections (CMV, TMV, V. albo-atrum) as well as breeding for resistance to Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vesicatoria, races P7 and P8 is under way.

Mijatovic M., Zecevic B., Ivanovic M., Obradovic A., 2005. Diseases of pepper in Serbia and results of breeding for resistance. Folia Horticulturae 17/2: 53-60.