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Effect of living mulches on white head cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata subvar. alba L.) yielding

Elżbieta Jędrszczyk, Małgorzata Poniedziałek, Agnieszka Sękara

Department of Vegetable Crops and Horticultural Economics
Faculty of Horticulture, Agricultural University in Kraków
29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Kraków, Poland
e-mail: ekjed@interia.pl

The effect of meadow fescue, common vetch, and white clover, used as living mulches, on white cabbage yielding, soil aggregates water resistance, and weed infestation was investigated in Garlica Murowana near Kraków in 1998 and 2000. After the living mulches were broad-seeded, transplants of white cabbage ‘Lennox F1’ were planted (at the beginning of May) into mulch, with spacing of 70×50 cm. During the two years all the used mulches decreased the total and marketable yield of cabbage in comparison with the control. The beneficial effect of living mulches on aggregates water resistance was found. The number of aggregates of 2.50-1.00 mm in diameter increased in mulched soils in both years, whereas the number of the smallest ones (0.25 mm) - decreased. The pronounced effect of living mulches on the reduction of weed infestation was found in the two years of the investigation.

Jędrszczyk E., Poniedziałek M., Sękara A., 2005. Effect of living mulches on white head cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata subvar. alba L.) yielding. Folia Horticulturae 17/2: 29-36.