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The effect of locality and sowing term on chosen morphological features of two chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars

Małgorzata Poniedziałek*, Elżbieta Jędrszczyk*, Agnieszka Sękara*, Barbara Skowera**, Szymon Dziamba***

***Department of Vegetable Crops
***Agricultural University in Kraków
***29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Kraków, Poland
***Department of Meteorology and Climatology of Agriculture
***Agricultural University in Kraków
***Mickiewicza 34/28, 31-120 Kraków, Poland
***Department of Detailed Plant Cultivation
***Agricultural University in Lublin
***Akademicka 15, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
***e-mail: ekjed@interia.pl

Research studies were conducted in 1999–2001 in Garlica Murowana near Kraków and Felin near Lublin. They aimed at defining the effect of locality and sowing term on chosen morphological features of two chickpea cultivars belonging to different types. The cultivars used in the study (‘Sanford’ - kabuli type and ‘Myles’ - desi type) differed morphologically. As a warm climate species, the chickpea cultivated in Poland meets a climatic obstacle resulting from low air temperature combined with high total precipitation at flowering and pod setting. Cultivar, sowing term, and proper localization are main factors influencing vegetative growth. Plants of both chickpea cultivars, cultivated in Lublin, were shorter than plants from Kraków. In the years 2000 and 2001 it might have resulted from higher total precipitation in Kraków in the April–June period. Delaying of sowing term caused inferior vegetative growth of both chickpea cultivars in Kraków. ‘Sanford’ generated more lateral branches on the plant in Lublin (3.7-4.8) in comparison with in Kraków (3.2-4.2). ‘Myles’ generated more branches when sown early. In the year 2001 both chickpea cultivars in Lublin set higher number of pods, as the effect of 58.3 mm higher total of July precipitation on this locality. Neither localization nor sowing term had the influence on number of seeds per pod.

Poniedziałek M., Jędrszczyk E., Sękara A., Skowera B., Dziamba S., 2005. The effect of locality and sowing term on chosen morphological features of two chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars. Folia Horticulturae 17/1: 37-46.