Folia Horticulturae

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Biblical Gardens in dissemination of ideas of the Holy Scripture

Zofia Włodarczyk

Department of Ornamental Plants
Faculty of Horticulture, Agricultural University in Kraków
29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Kraków, Poland
e-mail: zwlodarczyk@poczta.fm

The major aim of creating biblical gardens is to combine popularising the Scripture with a chance to experience the beauty of nature. The most striking biblical garden among the considerable number of those founded all over the world is the Biblical Landscape Reserve Neot Kedumim in Israel. Situated in the territory where the Bible was actually written, it provides favourable growing conditions for all biblical plant species. The fact that most of the plants mentioned in the Scripture can be planted in colder climates makes it possible to cultivate biblical plants also in Europe and North America. Some species, very sensitive to low temperature, are grown in flowerpots. The arrangement of plants according to specific themes, such as "The Pool of Salomon", "The Vineyard of Isaiah", "The Garden of the Song of the Songs" or "Resurrection Garden" is a typical feature of biblical gardens. They sometimes feature flowerbeds in the shape of religious symbols, such as the cross or the Star of David, and buildings and statues depicting biblical scenes. The paper presents the results of the questionnaire survey led in 1999-2001 in 13 biblical gardens in Israel, Europe and the USA.

Włodarczyk Z., 2004. Biblical Gardens in dissemination of ideas of the Holy Scripture. Folia Horticulturae 16/2: 141-147.