PSHS main page    Folia Horticulturae

Current issue content   Search      

Fruits of lovage (Levisticum officinale Koch.) as a medicinal and seasoning plant. I. A comparison of the methods of determination of the content and composition of essential oil in the fruits of lovage

Jan Dyduch*, Agnieszka Najda*, Tadeusz Wolski* **, Stanisław Kwiatkowski**

**Department of Vegetable Crops and Medicinal Plants
**Agricultural University of Lublin
**Leszczyńskiego 58, 20-069 Lublin, Poland
**Department of Pharmacognosy
**Medicinal University of Lublin
**Peowiaków 12, 20-007 Lublin, Poland

A comparison of methods of determination of the content and composition of essential oils from the fruits of lovage has been made in the present work. The research was carried out in the years 2000 and 2001 by determining the content of water, carbohydrates, proteins, and essential oil. The content of essential oil ranged from 1.90% to 2.40%. Monoterpenes and phtalides were the main components of the essential oil. The main component of the terpene fraction was β-phellandrene, the content of which ranged from 42.3% to 66.0%, depending on the determination method. The main component of the phtalide fraction was cis-ligustilide, the content of which ranged from 11.3% to 21.0%, depending on the method of determination.

Dyduch J., Najda A., Wolski T., Kwiatkowski S., 2003. Fruits of lovage (Levisticum officinale Koch.) as a medicinal and seasoning plant. I. A comparison of the methods of determination of the content and composition of essential oil in the fruits of lovage. Folia Horticulturae 15/1: 141-148.