Folia Horticulturae

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Living mulches in field tomato production

Katarzyna Adamczewska-Sowińska, Eugeniusz Kołota

Department of Horticulture
University of Agriculture
Rozbrat 7, 50-334 Wrocław, Poland

In a field study conducted in 1998-2000, white clover and perennial ryegrass used as living mulches were sown between tomato rows after 2, 5, 8, and 11 weeks from the date of transplanting. Tomato ‘Delfine F1’ was trained to a single stem and tied to wooden poles. The effect of tested cover crop species was highly affected by the date of their undersowing. White clover, which was less competitive for tomato crop, did not adversely affect the fruit yield if sown 5 weeks or later from the date of planting. Perennial ryegrass significantly reduced the tomato yield if undersowing took place during the period of 2-8 weeks after transplanting. Nutritional value of tomato fruits expressed by dry matter, vitamin C, total and reducing sugar content was only slightly dependent on the kind of living mulches used and the date of undersowing.

Adamczewska-Sowińska K., Kołota E., 2002. Living mulches in field tomato production. Folia Horticulturae 14/2: 45-51.