The effect of substrate type on the yield and quality of tomato fruits (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) in
Department of Vegetable and Medicinal Plants
Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Warsaw Agricultural University
Nowoursynowska 166, 02-787 Warszawa, Poland
The aim of this work was to determine the effect of the type of substrates
(rockwool and coir straw - Cocovita) on the yield and quality of tomato
fruits. The experiments were carried out in the spring-summer cycles of
1998-1999 with 7 tomato cultivars: Delfine, Frontero, Marfa, Marissa,
Megana, Raissa, and Recento. The results showed that higher yields (total,
marketable, and early) of tomato were obtained when grown on rockwool than
on Cocovita. Tomato cultivars varied in yield. The lowest yields were observed from ‘Delfine’.
Significantly lower yields of fruits were obtained from ‘Delfine’, ‘Marfa’,
‘Megana’, and ‘Raissa’ grown on Cocovita than on
rockwool. The average weight of fruits of all tomato cultivars was lower
when grown on Cocovita. However, the type of substrate had no distinct
effect on the content of sugars and vitamin C, but tomatoes grown on
Cocovita contained fewer mineral elements. Fruits from plants grown on
Cocovita contained more dry matter than those grown on rockwool.
Kobryń J., 2002. The effect of substrate type on the yield and quality of tomato
fruits (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) in glasshouse cultivation. Folia Horticulturae 14/1: 53-59.