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Direct plant covering and soil mulching in the spring production of some Chinese cabbage cultivars. Growth and yielding

Andrzej Kalisz, Stanisław Cebula

Department of Vegetable Crops and Horticultural Economics
Faculty of Horticulture, University of Agriculture in Kraków
29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Kraków, Poland
e-mail: akalisz@poczta.onet.pl

The effect of covering with non-woven PP and PE-75 film, as well as mulching with PE black film, on the growth and yielding of the Chinese cabbage cultivars ‘Optico F1’, ‘Akala F1’, ‘Sumiko F1’ and ‘Parkin F1’ grown in spring was investigated. The application of plastic covers considerably improved the growth conditions in the plants' environment leading to an increase in their height, rosette diameter, and the number of leaves and their area buildup. ‘Optico F1’ yielded the highest (on average 88.05 t ha-1 in 1997 and 88.97 t ha-1 in 1998) and ‘Parkin F1’ the lowest (24.78 t ha-1 and 6.52 t ha-1, respectively). The best productive effects were achieved owing to the application of non-woven PP (mean yields amounting to 90.38 and 60.74 t ha-1, respectively), while control plants gave the lowest yield (28.80 and 26.37 t ha-1, respectively).

Kalisz A., Cebula S., 2001. Direct plant covering and soil mulching in the spring production of some Chinese cabbage cultivars. Growth and yielding. Folia Horticulturae 13/2: 3-12.