Triploids in cucumber: VI. Effect of triploidy level on yield and fruit quality
Daw A. Sarreb*, Henryk Skąpski**, Henryk O. Mackiewicz*, Stefan Malepszy*
**Department of Plant Genetics, Breeding and Biotechnology
**Department of Vegetable and Medicinal Plants
**Faculty of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Warsaw Agricultural University
**Nowoursynowska 166, 02-787 Warszawa, Poland
Triploid lines of cucumber were studied with a view to its
commercialization. The average of total and commercial yield per plant
varied between triploid crosses. However, the mean yield difference
between homo- and heterozygous triploid was not significant.
Classification of yields according to fruit length and diameter revealed
that triploid yields were mostly assigned to the first and second class.
The taste of triploid fresh fruits varied between the crosses, but their
fragrance was the same in all line crosses. The sensory tests of triploid
pickled fruits and their flesh firmness varied between homo-and
heterozygous triploid. However, the pickled fruits of triploid had a
slightly better taste, fragrance and had extra firm flesh as compared with
the fruits of diploid cv. Polan F1. The
resistance of triploid plants to downy mildew disease was highly variable
between crosses. However, the cross combinations of line 603 showed the
least susceptibility to the downy mildew disease.
Sarreb D.A., Skąpski H., Mackiewicz H.O., Malepszy S., 2001. Triploids in cucumber: VI. Effect of triploidy level
on yield and fruit quality. Folia Horticulturae 13/1: 45-53.