Folia Horticulturae

Current issue content   Search      

Yielding and fruit quality of some parthenocarpic cucumber cultivars grown under direct cover and low tunnel protection

Piotr Siwek, Ewa Capecka

Department of Vegetable Crops and Horticultural Economics
Agricultural University
29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Cracow, Poland

The three-year experiment concerned the yielding and fruit quality of three parthenocarpic cucumber cultivars grown in the open field, under nonwoven PP cover, and in the PE tunnel. The tested cultivars were as follows: Marinda F1 (pickling type with warted, coarse-spined fruits), Othello F1 (pickling type with sof-spined fruits), and Gracius F1 (slicing type with smooth fruits). The most abundant vegetative growth was observed with plants in the tunnel where the thermal conditions were best. All tested cultivars under that cover gave the highest early and total marketable yield. Under nonwoven PP the yield was lower but many times exceeded the one in the open. The best yielding cultivar was Othello, which was slightly earlier than Marinda. The Gracius cultivar was the latest to reach harvest maturity and could not utilize its whole yielding potential in the accelerated growing. In respect of fruit chemical composition no significant differences between the tested cultivars were found. A tendency to lower dry weight and sugar content in tunnels was observed.

Siwek P., Capecka E., 1999. Yielding and fruit quality of some parthenocarpic cucumber cultivars grown under direct cover and low tunnel protection. Folia Horticulturae 11/2: 33-42.