Value of different cauliflower cultivars for autumn production in a submontane region as depending upon the
planting time. II. Quality of curds
Stanisław Cebula, Andrzej Kalisz
Department of Vegetable Crops
29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Cracow, Poland
In the submontane conditions of southeastern Poland six Dutch cauliflower
cultivars planted out for autumn harvest on two plantig dates were
investigated. The average weight of curds, the structure of total yield (quality
grades I and II and unmarketable curds), diameter classes of
curds (A, B, C, D), and also their chemical composition (dry matter and
protein) were taken into consideration. Analysis of cauliflower quality
confirmed the production potential of the submontane region in the case of
this species. The highest average weight of curds was obtained from hybrid
cultivars (1.39-2.40 kg) and the smallest from the standard cultivar
Ostrea (1.08-1.60 kg). Analysis of the structure of total yield showed a
very high percentage of Grade I (64.4-95.8%). This was characteristic
above all of White Ball and Batsman and also of hybrid cultivars
especially in the later growing season (turn of June) when the conditions
were favourable for the growth of this species. The high quality of the cauliflower
crop was confirmed by the measurement of the size of curds on the arch. In commercial
yield a diameter exceeding 25 cm (class A) was
found in 41.4-94.5% of curds, with the hybrid cultivars (particularly
Plana F1) approximating to higher values.
The earlier growing season was more favourable in respect of this trait.
Cebula S., Kalisz A., 1997. Value of different cauliflower cultivars for autumn
production in a submontane region as depending upon the planting time. II.
Quality of curds. Folia Horticulturae 9/2: 13-20.