Black and transparent plastic mulches in greenhouse production of sweet pepper. I. Thermal conditions and
the vegetative growth of plants
Department of Vegetable Crops
Faculty of Horticulture, Agricultural University
29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Kraków, Poland
The effect of mulching with transparent or black plastic film on soil
temperature and some features of the vegetative growth of plants was
investigated in the greenhouse production of sweet pepper. Compared with
the unmulched control, the temperature of the soil was on average 2°C
higher under transparent and black plastic mulch at depths of 5 and 12 cm.
The transparent film ensured higher temperatures of the soil during the
day, while the loss of heat energy at night was to a greater degree
prevented by the black mulch. The vegetative growth of plants measured by
their height, number of leaves per plant, and the area and thickness of
leaf blades, was distinctly more intensive in mulched stands, slightly
better results being noted with the transparent film than with the black one.
Cebula S., 1995. Black and transparent plastic mulches in greenhouse production of
sweet pepper. I. Thermal conditions and the vegetative growth of plants.
Folia Horticulturae 7/2: 51-58.