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Effect of cabbage, French bean and snap bean intercropping on the level and quality of yield

Małgorzata Poniedziałek, Aleksandra Zacharias, Edward Kunicki, Renata Suchodolska

Institute of Vegetable and Ornamental Plants
Faculty of Horticulture, Agricultural University
Al. 29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Kraków, Poland

In 1985-1987 the effect of cabbage, French bean and snap bean intercropping was investigated in the climatic conditions of southern Poland on degraded chernozem soil. The level of yields, their quality, and content of dry matter and protein were determined. A remarkable competition of cabbage in relation to bean accounted for a decrease in bean yield. The decrease did not appear if weather conditions favored rapid growth of bean plants in the early part of the vegetative period.

French bean grown as an intercrop accounted for an increase in dry matter of cabbage and a decrease in dry matter of bean pods. It was found that cabbage grown with beans to a great degree increased the yield of protein per unit area as compared with monoculture bean cropping while cabbage and bean intercropping accounted for decreased protein production per unit area as compared with cabbage in a homogenous culture. The highest yield of protein per 1 ha was obtained with cabbage and snap bean intercropping.

Poniedziałek M., Zacharias A., Kunicki E., Suchodolska R., 1989. Effect of cabbage, French bean and snap bean intercropping on the level and quality of yield. Folia Horticulturae I/2: 37-51.